An introduction to PPI
Patient and Public Involvement (also known as user/lay involvement) in research is the active partnership between patients and/or the public and researchers. By patients and the public we mean:
The involvement of patients and public in research can help:
PPI therefore goes beyond simply recruiting patients and members of the public as research subjects.
The contributions of patients are considered valuable, providing alternative views from those of the research team or NHS staff. Patients are able to make judgements based on their lived experience and understanding of health conditions and may have different aspirations and thoughts about health outcomes that health care professionals and researchers may not have considered. Increasingly funders of research now require PPI as a condition of funding.
As early as possible. Many research funding streams now see the benefit of PPI and require it to be an active part of the design and conduct of the project.
RDS WM also recognises the fundamental importance of PPI in research and has a dedicated PPI team to directly support researchers, patients, or members of the public who wish to get involved in research. RDS WM offers; experienced advice on how to involve patients and the public in the design and implementation of research programmes as part of our support package to researchers.
RDS WM has a Public Involvement Fund available to researchers applying for funding. The fund is intended to help researchers get patients and members of the public involved in research at an early stage where they can be influential and make a meaningful difference to the research design.
It is considered good practice to involve members of the public as early as possible in the research design process. Funding public involvement at the grant application stage can be challenging. The RDS 'Public Involvement Funds' aim to bridge that gap. Funds are available to help facilitate public involvement in the development of research ideas and research grant applications.
If you wish to apply to the Public Involvement Fund, you must be intending to submit a research proposal to a peer reviewed research funding body. Also, to qualify for an RDS WM fund, you must be intending to conduct the research within the West Midlands region.
Features of the Public Involvement Fund:
This fund will operate for the current financial year while funds last, then the scheme will be reviewed.
If you have any questions or require further details of how to apply for the fund do not hesitate to contact Dr Steven Blackburn directly at Keele University (Tel: 01782 734846).
We undertake a number of regional activities to deliver our aim to promote and support excellence in public involvement in research design throughout the West Midlands. Our work plan is will also implement the RDS National Public Involvement Community Strategy and deliver the recommendations in the NIHR Going the Extra Mile report.
We will deliver the following objectives in the West Midlands:
Full details of activities included in the RDS WM Regional Public Involvement work plan here
Website of PILAR (Public Involvement and Lay Accountability in Research and innovation). A network bringing together researchers, academics and NHS organisations to share learning and improve PPI practice in the West Midlands
Website of the national advisory group to support and promote active public involvement in NHS, public health and social care research.
Benefits advice service for involvement
Information about a new service offering personal advice and support on how payment of fees and expenses for public involvement might affect people in receipt of state benefits.
INVOLVE: Briefing notes for researchers
This online resource holds useful briefing notes for researchers on how best to involve members of the public in research.
RDS Patient and public involvement in research: a handbook for researchers
The RDS PPI handbook has been created for researchers as a guide to help in the planning, managing and implementation of PPI activities.
INVOLVE: Involvement cost calculator
Information and practical advice about the costs of public involvement in research, with a tool to help researchers plan a budget for public involvement.
How to write a plain English summary
Guidance and recommendations for how to write high quality and effective plain English summaries for grant applications and materials for a public audience. Developed by INVOLVE.
NIHR: Making it clear campaign
The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is committed to making sure that each research study if funds has a clear and concise plain English summary. Guidance has been developed for researchers and for board and panel members.
INVOLVE: Exploring public involvement in research funding applications
Examples illustrating how researchers are involving members of the public in their NIHR funding applications and to explore the views of the researchers on the impact public involvement had on the development of their research funding application.
Making the difference: actively involving patients, carers and the public
Examples from the NIHR Clinical Research Network of how the involvement of patients, carers and the public is making the difference in research.
InvoNet: Evidence database of public involvement in research
INVOLVE's evidence database of references and abstracts of reports and articles that cover:
Public involvement impact assessment framework (PiiAF)
PiiAF has been produced to help researchers assess the impacts of involving members of the public in their research. Developed by Jennie Poppay and colleagues.
The GRIPP checklist represents the first international attempt to enhance the quality of PPI reporting. Developed by Sophie Staniszewska and colleagues at the Universities of Warwick and Sheffield. GRIPP2 - is now available and builds on GRIPP through a consensus informed checklist for reporting patient and public involvement.